These two documents were confirmed by the 1st Congress of Soviets of the USSR and signed by heads of deleg… Khrushchev was retired from power in 1964. From its beginning years, government in the Soviet Union was based on the one-party rule of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks). The USSR became involved in World War II following Germany's invasion in 1941, eventually siding with the western allies. : Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes! 1969 china cold war mao zedong prc sino-soviet border conflict sino-soviet conflict sino-soviet split sino-soviet war soviet union Replies: 38 Forum: Alternate History Discussion: After 1900 Due to the low investment in consumer goods, the USSR was largely only able to export raw materials, notably oil, which made it vulnerable to global price shifts. The Soviet Union … By gradually consolidating his influence and isolating his rivals within the party, Georgian Joseph Stalin became the leader of the Soviet Union by the end of the 1920s. Mao was hostile to this perspective, and the Cultural Revolution was largely an effort to destroy … Brezhnev presided over a period of Détente with the West while at the same time building up Soviet military strength; the arms buildup contributed to the demise of Détente in the late 1970s. Treaty on the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, https://althistory.fandom.com/wiki/Soviet_Union_(New_Union)?oldid=1597707. Throughout the period, the Soviet Union maintained parity with or superiority to the United States in the areas of military numbers and technology, but this strained the economy. Soviet leaders argued that one party rule was necessary because it ensured that 'capitalist exploitation' would not return to the Soviet Union and that the principles of Democratic Centralism would represent the people's will. The Soviet Union is constitutionally a secular state which institutes a separation of church and state, while protecting and securing the freedom of religion for all citizens and organizations within the USSR. The Soviet Union aided post-war reconstruction in the countries of Eastern Europe while turning them into Soviet satellite states, founded the Warsaw Pact in 1955, later, the Comecon, supplied aid to the eventually victorious Communists in the People's Republic of China, and saw its influence grow elsewhere in the world. Trotsky's Legacy - An alternate history where the Soviet Union wins the cold war I made a timeline in which the Soviet Union wins the cold war. Social unrest continued and was aggravated during World War I by military defeat and food shortages in major cities. Modern revolutionary activity in the Russian Empire began with the Decembrist Revolt of 1825, and although serfdom was abolished in 1861, its abolition was achieved on terms unfavorable to the peasants and served to encourage revolutionaries. Alternate Worlds Alternate History Historical Maps Historical Pictures Imaginary Maps Classroom Images Communist Propaganda Fantasy Map History Projects. In industry, the state assumed control over all existing enterprises and undertook an intensive program of industrialization; in agriculture collective farms were established all over the country. The 1930s saw closer cooperation between the West and the USSR. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, pushed for socialist revolution in the soviets and on the streets. The Soviet Union is one of the few nations in which both sects of Islam coexist and cooperate peacefully within the same nation. Alternative History is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. 1-16 of over 20,000 results for Kindle Store: Kindle eBooks: Science Fiction & Fantasy: Science Fiction: Alternative History 11/22/63: A Novel Nov 8, 2011 | … During this period, the Soviet Union continued to realize scientific and technological pioneering exploits; to launch the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1; a living dog, Laika; and later, the first human being, Yuri Gagarin, into Earth's orbit. After the rapid succession of Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko, transitional figures with deep roots in Brezhnevite tradition, beginning in 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev made significant changes in the economy and the party leadership. List of Prime Ministers of the United States of America (A United Kingdom of Scandinavia). Russian (de facto) 14 other official languages. Now knowing more about the failed August Coup, it's rather silly to think how such a quickly orchestrated and unorganized plot not only failed in its goals but instead accelerated the dissolution of the USSR. Due to the earlier death of Chairman Mao, the power bases that took control OTL are much weaker. Another contributing factor was the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979. Nikita Khrushchev, who had won the power struggle by the mid-1950s, denounced Stalin's use of repression in 1956 and eased repressive controls over party and society known as de-Stalinization. File:Coat of arms of the Soviet Union (Alternative 2014).svg File:Coat of arms of the Soviet Union 1923–1936.svg File:Coat of arms of the Soviet Union 1946-1956.svg Emerging from the Russian Empire following the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Russian Civil War of 1918–1921, the USSR was a union of several Soviet republics, but the synecdoche Russia — after the Russian SFSR, its largest and most populous constituent state — is continued to be commonly used. With the tearing down of the Berlin Wall with East Germany and West Germany pursuing unification, the Iron curtain took the final blow. I always thought it was ironic that the Soviet Union, which espoused an ideology that idealized self-governing workers, ultimately made it impossible for workers to negotiate better working conditions and higher pay. Two developments dominated the decade that followed: the increasingly apparent crumbling of the Soviet Union's economic and political structures, and the patchwork attempts at reforms to reverse that process. This timeline is an alternate history about a weakness Soviet Union, and with it, a different 20th century. )Translation: Workers of the world, unite! In late November 1939, unable to force Finland into agreement to move its border 25 km back from Leningrad by diplomatic means, Stalin ordered the invasion of Finland. Paradox Development Studio brings you the sequel to one of the most popular strategy games ever made! On February 1, 1924 the USSR was recognized by the British Empire. While not as large compared to Christianity and Islam, Buddhism and Judaism continue to dominate many regions of the Soviet Union. Thread starter AdanALW; Start date Feb 9, 2014; Menu Pre order now! The temple includes a church, a mosque, and a synagogue within its architecture. The other was the Soviet Union's rival, the United States.The Soviets found themselves supporting the Skarmer tribe of Minervans in the Skarmer-Omalo War.Despite the … The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly shortened to simply the "Soviet Union", was a communist nation that spanned the continents of both Europe and Asia. And no - I don't know how this coul... Flags of Soviet Europe ... Soviet Union Flag Communist Propaganda Alternate History World History European History British History Power To The People … May 8, 2020 - What if the Berlin Wall never fell and the the Soviet Union survives past 1989 ?. Meanwhile, the rising tension of the Cold War turned the Soviet Union's wartime allies, the United Kingdom and the United States, into enemies. Prior to the 1990s, the Soviet Union officially enforced state atheism for both the government and towards its citizens (becoming the first nation to do so in modern history). The point of divergence is The German army managing to sorround Moscow with much of the Soviet political structure being murdred. While encompassing the internationalism expressed by Lenin throughout the course of the Revolution, it also aimed for building socialism in one country. The second largest religion is Islam, with both Sunni Islam and Shia Islam being worshiped. In 1988, the Soviet Union abandoned its nine-year war with Afghanistan and began to withdraw forces from the country. The signing of the treaty, however, was interrupted by the August Coup - an attempted coup d'état against Gorbachev by hardline Communist Party members of the government and the KGB, who sought to reverse Gorbachev's reforms and reassert the central government's control over the republics. The long period of Brezhnev's rule had come to be dubbed one of "standstill" (застой), with an aging and ossified top political leadership. Following the ousting of Khrushchev, another period of rule by collective leadership ensued, lasting until Leonid Brezhnev established himself in the early 1970s as the preeminent figure in Soviet political life. Stalin's Great Purge of the party killed many "Old Bolsheviks" who had participated in the October Revolution with Lenin. The union cities are essentially independent cities outside the control of any republic (no different than any other federal city). Despite the rebirth of religious worship across the USSR, animosity continues between the government and several religious organizations. Superman: Red Son is a three-issue prestige format comic book mini-series published by DC Comics that was released under their Elseworlds imprint in 2003. The Soviet Union was established in 1922, encompassing much of the territories of the former Russian Empire. My question is rather simple - with a PoD of … Only after the long and bloody Russian Civil War of 1918–1921, which included foreign intervention in several parts of Russia, was the new Soviet power secure. People still argue about the fall of the Roman Empire. Sep 26, 2015 - What if all of Europe had been part of the Soviet Union? A parliament — the State Duma — was established in 1906 after the Russian Revolution of 1905, but the Tsar resisted attempts to move from absolute to constitutional monarchy. See more ideas about Soviet union, Soviet, History. On December 28, 1922 a conference of plenipotentiary delegations from the RSFSR, the Transcaucasian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR and the Byelorussian SSR approved the Treaty of Creation of the USSR and the Declaration of the Creation of the USSR, forming the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from 1923 to his death in 1953. The capital was Moscow, then and now the capital of Russia. Although ravaged by the war, the Soviet Union emerged victorious from the conflict and became an acknowledged superpower. After some experimentation with economic reforms in the mid-1960s, the Soviet leadership reverted to established means of economic management. Shocked by the death of their 'beloved leader', the PRC collapses rapidly into chaos, with infighting and corruption. In the late 1980s, Gorbachev refused to send military support to defend the Soviet Union's former satellite states, resulting in multiple communist regimes in those states being forced from power. It all began with German philosophers and social scientists, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who, in 1848, wrote The Communist Manifestofor a London-based group of revolutionary socialists known as The Communist League. We will be providing extracts of each of the stories in the latest issue of Alt Hist.Check out the first one below. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. In the late 1980s, each soviet republic got its own senate and limited autonomy to ease the calls for total independence. This is how the flags of the new republics could look like. The big Soviet Union Point of Divergence: Chairman Mao's heart gives out much earlier - in 1960. Even in absolute measurements, Soviet citizens were becoming less healthy between the 1960s and 1985: the crude death rate climbed from 6.9 per 1000 in 1964 to 10.3 in 1980.. ... and sought the enormous technical and economic assistance that a friendly Soviet Union could provide. The tsarist autocracy was replaced by the Provisional Government, whose leaders intended to conduct elections to Russian Constituent Assembly and to continue participating on the side of the Entente in World War I. On December 26, 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to exist, replaced by 15 new nations, and changing the world as we knew it. A referendum for the preservation of the USSR was held on March 17, 1991, with the majority of the population voting for preservation of the Union in all republics. Thread starter Reflection; Start date Oct 21, 2020; Reflection. Banned in Nazi-controlled Europe, it gained great popularity in the west and elsewhere, and despite controversy on its historical plausibility, it is well … Like other forms of Speculative Fiction, Alternate History varies in its inherent "hardness" with AH Fandom generally grading it by how "plausible" the AH is based on historical realism and verisimilitude. An alternate USSR. The last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II, ruled until March, 1917 when the Empire was overthrown and a short-lived Russian provisional government took power, the latter to be overthrown in November 1917 by Vladimir Lenin. The Temple of All Religions located in Kazan, Tatarstan. Stalin died on March 5, 1953. Agricultural development continued, but could not keep up with the growing consumption and the USSR had to import food products like grain. Famines occurred causing millions of deaths and surviving kulaks were politically persecuted and many sent to Gulags to do forced labour. https://althistory.fandom.com/wiki/Soviet_Union_(Soviet_Freedom)?oldid=1544626. During this time, the government actively promoted atheism in a move to eliminate all forms of worship within the USSR. Crusader Kings III is soon upon us and you can pre … It met widespread resistance from kulaks and some prosperous peasants, who withheld grain, resulting in a bitter struggle between the kulaks against the authorities and poor peasants. A large part of this was performed according to Bolshevik Initial Decrees, documents of the Soviet government, signed by Vladimir Lenin. At the same time, to ensure the rights of the working class, workers' councils, known as soviets, sprang up across the country. Though the terms "Soviet Russia" and "Soviet Union" often are synonymous in everyday speech, when referring to the foundations of the Soviet Union, "Soviet Russia" properly refers to the few years between the October Revolution of 1917 and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922. Forum: Alternate History Discussion: After 1900; A Cont'd Cold War in the 2000's. Well remember this was attempted by Mikhail Gorbachev to turn the USSR into a modern state that had democratic values, free speech, a … In contrast to the revolutionary spirit that accompanied the birth of the Soviet Union, the prevailing mood of the Soviet leadership at the time of Brezhnev's death in 1982 was one of aversion to change. They are not going to agree quickly on why the Soviet Union … His policy of glasnost freed public access to information after decades of heavy government censorship. "It received critical acclaim and was nominated for the … The intensive restructuring of the economy, industry and politics of the country began in the early days of Soviet power in 1917. Alternate History: What If Nixon Didn't Help to Break up China and the Soviet Union? A wide range of death tolls has been suggested, from as many as 60 million kulaks being killed suggested by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn to as few as 700 thousand - by Soviet news sources - with a rough consensus forming around the figure of 20 million. The Soviet Union was one of two countries to send a manned space mission to the planet Minerva in 1989. The Plan was developed in 1920 and covered a ten to 15 year period. Four years later, the USSR actively supported the Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War against the Nationalists, who were supported by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. Social upheaval continued in the mid-1930s. The name is a translation of the Russian: Союз Советских Республик, Soyuz Sovetskikh Respublik, abbreviated ССР, SSR. Khrushchev's reforms in agriculture and administration, however, were generally unproductive, and foreign policy towards China and the United States suffered difficulties, including those that led to the Sino-Soviet split. Vladimir Lenin led the Bolsheviks to victory and proclaimed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the 30th of December in 1922. Moreover, human welfare in the Soviet Union was keeping behind Western and socialist Central-European levels, after initially converging in the 1950s and 60's. In 1933, diplomatic relations between the United States and the USSR were established. The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Although it has been debated whether the Soviet Union had the intention of invading Nazi Germany once it was strong enough, Germany itself broke the treaty and invaded the Soviet Union in 1941. The geographic boundaries of the USR varied with time, but after the last major territorial annexations of the Baltic states, eastern Poland, Bessarabia, and certain other territories during World War II, from 1945 the boundaries approximately corresponded to those of late Imperial Russia, with the notable exclusions of Poland, most of Finland, and Alaska. These two documents were confirmed by the 1st Congress of Soviets of the USSR and signed by heads of delegations - Mikhail Kalinin, Mikha Tskhakaya, Mikhail Frunze and Grigory Petrovsky, Aleksandr Chervyakov respectively on December 30, 1922. Oct 21, 2020 #1 I know, that sounds crazy right? Despite this, the standards of living was already higher than had been previously, and along with growing economic ties and co-operation … The video represents "ALTERNATIVE" history, which means it is history in an different timeline, or universe. Initially established as a union of four Soviet Socialist Republics, the USR grew to contain 15 constituent or "union republics" by 1956: Armenian SR, Azerbaijan SR, Byelorussian SR, Estonian SR, Georgian SR, Kazakh SR, Kirghiz SR, Latvian SR, Lithuanian SR, Moldavian SR, Russian SFR, Tajik SR, Turkmen SR, Ukrainian SR and Uzbek SR. (From annexation of the Estonian SR on August 6, 1940 up to the reorganization of the Karelo-Finnish SR into the Karelian ASR on July 16, 1956, the count of "union republics" was 16.). After the coup collapsed, Gorbachev came out as a hero for predicting the coup.The Soviet Union and democracy had survived. From 1917 to 1922, the predecessor to the Soviet Union was the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), which was an independent country as well as other Soviet republics at the time. An Alternate History of a Soviet Union, Heads of State and Government. In recent decades, there has been a revival of regional religions across the Soviet Union: including Neopaganism, Shamanism, and Tengrism. In 1928, Stalin introduced the First Five-Year Plan for building a socialist economy. One of the most prominent breakthroughs was the GOELRO plan, that envisioned a major restructuring of the Soviet economy based on total electrification of the country. At the "hard" end of plausibility are well-researched pieces that take into account historical sources and trends, logical … Debate over the future of the economy provided the background for Soviet leaders to contend for power in the years after Lenin's death in 1924. The history of Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union reflects a period of change for both Russia and the world. The four union cities of the Soviet Union are: Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Sevastopol, and Zvezdograd. Author Mark Millar created the comic with the premise "What if Superman had been raised in the Soviet Union? Five Ways the Soviet Union Could Have Won the Cold War. It included construction of a network of 30 regional power plants, including ten large hydroelectric power plants, and numerous electric-powered large industrial enterprises. Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; U.S.S.R.), former northern Eurasian empire (1917/22–1991) stretching from the Baltic and Black seas to the Pacific Ocean and, in its final years, consisting of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics. The republic, autonomous republics, and union cities of the Soviet Union are subdivided into raions (ÑÐ°Ð¹Ð¾Ð½Ñ, rayony), which essentially act the same as counties. Soviet Union in A World of Difference [edit | edit source]. ‘Red Tide’ is an alternate history novel written by Thomas Scott exploring a world in which Nazi Germany was defeated by 1944, losing the Second World War. Alternative History is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. A soviet is a council, the theoretical basis for the socialist society of the USR. With the Soviet Union in bad economic shape and its satellite states in eastern Europe abandoning communism, Gorbachev moved to end the Cold War. The Red Army stopped the Nazi offensive in the Battle of Moscow, and the Battle of Stalingrad, lasting from late 1942 to early 1943, became a major turning point of the war, after which Soviet forces drove through Eastern Europe to Berlin before Germany surrendered in 1945 . ... Counterfactual history, the game of “what if,” is an intellectually hazardous exercise. Set in a world in which the early Cold War grows very hot, “B-36”by Douglas W. Textertells the tale of what might have happened if the Soviet Union had taken Berlin during the Berlin Airlift.In this world, Secretary … Ð½Ð°ÑÐµÐ½Ð¸Ñ, goroda soyuznogo znachyeniya, lit. "cities of union importance"). However, before 19… State atheism was officially abandoned in 1992, but the results of which remain with a majority of Soviet citizens proclaiming themselves either irreligious, agnostic or atheist. A spontaneous popular uprising in Petrograd, in response to the wartime decay of Russia's economy and morale, culminated in the toppling of the imperial government in March 1917 . Nevertheless, after Great Britain and France concluded the Munich Agreement with Nazi Germany, the USSR dealt with the latter as well, both economically and militarily, by concluding the Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact, which made possible the occupation of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and the invasion of Poland in 1939. The Soviets suffered the largest casualties during the war, ending with the Soviet occupation … Read full article. The Plan became the prototype for subsequent Five-Year Plans and was basically fulfilled by 1931. They seized power from the Provisional Government in November 1917 . In a related conflict with Poland, the Peace of Riga in early 1921 split disputed territories in Belarus and Ukraine between Poland and Soviet Russia. Revolution and the foundation of a Soviet state, Reforms of Gorbachev and Democratisation of the Soviet Union, List of Prime Ministers of the United States of America (A United Kingdom of Scandinavia). In the absence of an acceptable successor, the highest Communist Party officials opted to rule the Soviet Union jointly, although a struggle for power took place behind the façade of collective leadership. The PoD happens in August 1918. After the economic policy of War Communism during the Civil War, the Soviet government permitted some private enterprise to coexist with nationalized industry in the 1920s and total food requisition in the countryside was replaced by a food tax . The Union of Soviet Republics (USR) is a constitutionally democratic republic that exists in Eurasia since 1922. The referendum gave Gorbachev a major boost, and, in the summer of 1991, the New Union Treaty was designed and agreed upon by all the republics which turned the Soviet Union into a much looser federation. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, it was a one-party state (until 1990) governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its capital in its largest … At the same time, Soviet military force was used to suppress nationalistic uprisings in Hungary and Poland in 1956. The Soviet Union became the primary model for future Communist states during the Cold War; From 1945 to 1991 period known as the Cold War — the Soviet Union and the United States of America were the two world superpowers that dominated the global agenda of economic policy, foreign affairs, military operations, cultural exchange, scientific advancements including the pioneering of space exploration, and sports (including the Olympic Games and various world championships). So in a lot of timelines featuring a Nazi victory, the Soviet Union is pushed behind the Ural Mountains, this Soviet … Just as in the case of the late 1980s, the early years of the 90s was gripped by a recession in the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union was officially established in December 1922 as the union of the Russian (colloquially known as Bolshevist Russia), Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics ruled by Bolshevik parties. Industry showed slow but steady gains during the 1970s. 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