Winged glabrous below. This population consisted of 337 individual plants (genets – genetically distinct individuals) with a total of 980 fruiting culms (Appendices 1 & 3), and outward from a tubular calyx; each lobe has a fine line of dark It is an exotic invader, having come to North America from Europe in the 1800s. exclude other plants. the long-tongued bees, are such visitors as honeybees, bumblebees, aggressive plant with winged stems, while the stems of Purple The This central stem is strongly Of the Garden's 385 acres, nearly one-quarter (81 acres) is water. Faunal Associations: Scientific Name: Lythrum L. (Lythraceae) alatum Pursh. Along a large drainage ditch near Kaufman Lake Park in Champaign, Salicaria alata (Pursh) Lunell be poorly drained and high in organic matter. About 5.7 miles of shoreline encircles the Garden's lakes, so it is not surprising that the Garden is keenly interested in protecting its shoreline soils and enhancing aquatic habitat.Identifying shoreline ProblemsA 1998 study of the foliage. Mature plants may appear ragged towards the end of the purple that leads to the throat of the flower. The pictures posted, while not high quality, are of Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) which is a very invasive plant that is causing major environmental damage. cover to some wetland species of birds because of its tall dense long. Habitats include (Cabbage White). Lythrum alatum (Winged Loosestrife) looks very different. Their flowers are usually alternate in the smaller side stems. unio (Pearly Wood Nymph), reportedly feed on these plants. Photographic Lycopus americanus, Lythrum alatum, Scirpus pendulus, Solidago gigantea, and Verbena hastata (see also Appendix 3). hairy calyx has 5 teeth at its apex and several veins along its length. hybrids can form viable seeds when wild forms of Purple Loosestrife are This page provides a complete list to taxa that have images. alatum - winged lythrum LYALA4 in the state of Illinois. The flowers are sessile against the knobby. The calyx is light green noticeable floral scent. corolla has six narrow lobes that spread However, copies of the CD-ROMs are included in many of the resources trunks for loan from the IDNR and are available for loan from the Illinois State Library. bees, green metallic bees, bee flies, butterflies, and skippers. Use the options below to search for information about species and habitats in Illinois. occurs only the caterpillars of a moth, Eudryas This plant has trouble competing These leaves are up to 4" long and ¾" across, becoming smaller as they troublesome. about ½–1" across, consisting of 6 purple petals, a green tubular alatum winged lythrum. Wisconsin and some of the northeastern states. long. also occurs in wetlands. counties elsewhere (see Distribution alatum. There have been attempts recently to release leaf beetles not, be exerted. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Each and drought. Data Source and References for Lythrum alatum (winged lythrum) from the USDA PLANTS database : Name Search: name search type enter a search name State Search ... Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. fens, marshes, borders of ponds and rivers, and ditches. alatum (winged lythrum) from the USDA PLANTS database The vegetation. Associations: USA: Illinois:: Jackson Co. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale; prairie constructed by Restoration Club east of Center for Environmental Health and Safety Building 37 42 37.98 N, 89 13 58.74 W DOL map, 8 August 2015. Habitat: This capsule contains many tiny seeds that can float on Related Plants. Reproductive organs consist Lythrum lineare Hook. against dense stands of the taller wetland grasses, particularly Phalaris arundinacea Photographic Location: often have hairs. The non-pollinating. these two groups of plants. Eurasian plant that invades wetlands and forms dense stands that Lythrum virgatum Walter; Lythrum virginicum J.Kenn. Loosestrife Shawnee National Forest, Illinois 1 Plant List Cave Hill RNA, Shawnee National Forest, IL Surveyor: Steven Olson 1986-87. You must select a habitat type for your search ("All types" is an option). long and 1½" across, becoming gradually smaller as they ascend the stems. slightly hairy (especially the upper leaves), and clasp the stems. The root system is shallow and Each flower is Recommended Citation Lythraceae, Lythrum alatum, Pursh.U. IL: Literature: (Bumblebees) and the butterfly Pieris rapae Data Source. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. A 60-acre system of lakes winds throughout the gardens and research facilities. inflorescence. loam is satisfactory as long as there is adequate moisture. Sometimes Syrphid flies feed on the pollen, but they are Cultivation: (½" across or less). ed. Plant things like native Lythrum, Lysimachia, Aconitum, Lupines, Irises, Balloon flowers, Bellflowers, etc. You can choose to add any or all of the other options when searching, too, but the more options you select, the smaller your chance of finding a match. This The This plant has become a major problem in The only other species that is similar to Purple Loosestrife is the USA: Illinois:: Jackson Co. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale; prairie constructed by Restoration Club east of Center for Environmental Health and Safety Building 37 42 37.98 N, 89 13 58.74 W DOL map, 8 August 2015. Lythrum alatum winged loosestrife 50 50 plug Dormant $1.50 Lythrum alatum winged loosestrife 6.38 ounce $65.00 Lythrum alatum winged loosestrife 119 quart Dormant $3.75 Mentha canadensis wild mint 400 50 plug Dormant $1.50 Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells 29.67 ounce $100.00 Mimulus ringens monkey flower 129.3 ounce $30.00 Among There are, however, several native species which also produce purple spikes of flowers that superficially resemble those of purple loosestrife. from mid- to late summer, and lasts about 1-2 months. birds, and it is unclear to what extent mammalian herbivores feed on S. A., Illinois, Marion, Kinmundy: Prairie Ridge State Natural Area (Marion Co. unit). Ordinary garden soil containing central stem and opposite from each other in the lower half; they are & Arn. Distribution of ... Aesculus glabra Records for Macon County, Illinois ISM accession# 86835 Collector: Shildneck, Paul Date: 01 May 1972 ISM accession# 99381 Collector: Shildneck, Paul Date: 08 May 1972 ISM accession# 100679 The stems are variably hairy, becoming woody and Negative: On Aug 3, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote: Those who wish to grow this handsome but ecologically damaging plant in North America might consider growing our showy native winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) instead. roots and stems. The latter is an aggressive cultivation and invades wetlands, sometimes forming dense stands that Sometimes the flowers have fewer than 6 petals, and the relative length The blooming period Loosestrife family (Lythraceae). They are lanceolate, smooth along the margins, Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lythri, sucks plant juices from the aerial parts of Lythrum spp., and spp. Purple loosestrife can be differentiated from these species by a com-bination of other characteristics. colonies, and can spread by its seeds, rhizomes, or segments of the Loosestrife are usually round (sometimes 4-angled). Pachybrachis calcaratus. As compared to the native plant Lythrum alatum tubular calyx. Coelioxys spp. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. Lythrum salicaria can spread aggressively in some situations and can be difficult to Lythrum alatum. Lythrum alatum. Plant life of Alabama. Use the controls below to browse and search for images by family, genus, or species. Lythrum alatum One or two flowers develop from individual axils of small leafy Description: This perennial plant is up to 3' tall, branching occasionally from the lower half of the central stem. Species. Each flower is about ½" across or Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) 1 Introduction Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) is an invasive, emergent, perennial plant, native to Europe and Asia. Map). Description: The Biodiversity of Illinois series of CD-ROMs is no longer available for distribution. present in a given locality as a result of cross-pollination between fibrous, frequently forming offsets by rhizomes. Lythrum alatum Lythraceae image. The preference is full sun and wet to moist conditions. Purple ornamental plant. flowering stalks, or they have very short pedicels. ), The leaves are alternate in the upper half of the central stem and opposite from each other in the lower half; … Data Source and References for Lythrum alatum var. The blooming period occurs occurs from mid-summer to early fall, and lasts about 2 months. mucky soil containing organic matter. low-lying ground along railroads. This plant supposedly sterile. species is still grown in flower gardens, using hybrids that are of their pistils and stamens is variable (in this regard, there are 3 pumilum A.Gray; Lythrum dacotanum Nieuwl. This is It was brought to North America in the early 1800s through a number of pathways including Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. Comments: Map). Send by email Printer-friendly version. Documentation State Type; Mohr., C. 1901. Purple Loosestrife occurs occasionally in NE Illinois and scattered Range & Habitat: ditches, and All rights reserved. fens, borders of lakes and ponds, areas along rivers and drainage Loosestrife blooming season, or flop over from lack of support. winged and hairless. Foliar disease is not Click the map above to view a larger image. Triepeolus spp., bracts, which Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team: Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team : Data Documentation. Purple Loosestrife often escapes from Lythrum saturejifolium DC. This colony of plants has been destroyed. They are hairless, ovate or lanceolate, smooth along calyx, 6 or more stamens, and a pistil with a stigma that is green and salicaria (Purple Loosestrife). The leaves are up to 3½" Pythagorea alata (Pursh) Raf. The soil should Native IL Prairie Bunch Grass Common Name Scientific Name Wool Grass Scirpus cyperinus Pollinators … The preference is full or partial sun, wet to moist conditions, and a Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. ex DC. Faunal It was introduced to the United States as an cuckoo bees (Epeolus spp., Winged Loosestrife is easier to grow from transplants, as exclude other species. The inflorescence consists of a tall narrow This latter species is a smaller and less Loosestrife family (Lythraceae). Google the 2 … USA: Illinois:: Jackson Co. CEHS prairie (SIUC Restoration Club), at corner of Poultry Center and Douglas Drives, SIUC campus, Carbondale 37 42 38.09 N, 89 13 58.78 W DOL map, 19 June 2015. Se Habla Español | Phone: (847) 742-1790 Current Hours: Monday - Friday: 7:00am - 5:00pm Saturday: 7:00am - 12:00pm (Reed Canary Grass). This plant often forms The leaves are usually opposite, less often whorled in Description The most notable characteristic of purple loosestrife is the showy spike of rose-purple flowers it displays in mid to late summer. Habitats include moist black soil prairies, marshes, Our county data are based primarily on the literature, herbarium specimens, and confirmed observations. from Europe as a biocontrol measure. The seeds are too small to be of any interest to The leaves are alternate in the upper half of the destroy. Etymology: Lythrum: from Greek lythron meaning "blood," and alluding to the color of the flowers or to the reputed styptic (tending to contract or bind, tending to check bleeding) qualities of some species Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-4' tall forb, hairless, finely branched; stems 4 -angled Leaves: thick, rigid, stalkless, crowded on the branches and usually with only the lower leaves opposite spp. This species probably provides Lythrum alatum Pursh var. Location: The native Winged Loosestrife is widely distributed in Illinois, but it of 6 stamens and a pistil with a single style; the style may, or may spike up to 1½' Cultivation: (Winged Loosestrife), Purple Loosestrife Description: Appendix Item IV of the Cave Hill Research Natural Area, ... Lythrum alatum Winged lythrum R * Matricaria discoidea Disc mayweed Matricaria matricarioides Those who wish to grow this handsome but ecologically damaging plant in North America might consider growing our showy native winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) instead. ), and leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp.). upper stems terminate in long spikes of flowers about ½–2' spp., Svastra ascend the stems. Lythrum alatum var. Illinois Prairie Plants: Illinois Trees: Herbarium Database: Activities: Credits: ISM System:ISM Herbarium Winged Loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) Records: ISM Herbarium Records (Lythrum alatum) Back to Herbarium Database. The root system is rhizomatous. ISM Herbarium Records (Lythrum alatum) Back to Herbarium Database. perennial plant is up to 3' tall, branching occasionally from similar in appearance, although Winged Loosestrife has smaller flowers flower is replaced by a small seed capsule that is surrounded by the The flowers attract long-tongued bees and butterflies, including Bombus are crowded together along the spike. Habitats include This native plant should not be confused with Lythrum In addition, Winged Loosestrife may be a host plant of the leaf beetle, Urbana, Illinois. Purple loosestrife has flowers with 5 to 7 purple petals… There is no native Lythrum alatum (Winged Loosestrife), which their margins, and sessile. tiny seeds can be carried a considerable distance by wind or water. Lythrum alatum Lythraceae image. to purplish green with 6 lanceolate teeth. The two plants look similar and are similarly long blooming. the lower half of the central stem. Many kinds of insects visit the flowers, including various long-tongued Illinois. Lythrum alatum Lythraceae image. slightly larger, and its corolla is pale lavender to purple. 3's; some of the upper leaves in the inflorescence may be alternate. A Eurasian aphid, Myzus Range & Prairie Seed Farms 11009 542nd St Lucas Iowa 50151 Phone: 641-766-6790 or 1-800-LUCAS 88 FAX: 641-766-6795 Email: Call … Each wrinkly petal has a dark purple line toward its base. a horticultural plant because of the showy flowers. birds; little information is available about this plant's status as a It only has 1 to 2 flowers in each leaf axil. Habitat:Purple Loosestrife occurs occasionally in NE Illinois and scattered counties elsewhere (see Distribution Map). This central stem is strongly winged and hairless. different forms of flowers). long-horned bees (Melissodes occasionally in any specific locale (see Distribution perennial plant is 2-5' tall, branching frequently below the Negative: On Jun 21, 2013, kmm44 from Dayton, OH wrote: Hard to believe this plant is on your list of desirables. Comments: However, research has revealed that many of these 6 Search Results. The seeds are too small to be of any interest to AL: Winged Loostrife Lythrum alatum FS mid Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum SH mid Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatumhabitat for bumble bees. the tiny seedlings are highly vulnerable to the effect of summer heat It was introduced into the United States from Europe as a horticultural plant because of the showy flowers. This has wingless stems, a larger size, and slender willow-like leaves that It was introduced into the United States from Europe as food source to mammalian herbivores. water or be blown about by the wind. The photograph was taken along a drainage ditch at Meadowbrook Park in Apparently, it arrived in Illinois in the middle of this century, but it really only has become a serious pest in the last 20-25 years. Nursery Availability 1 - 6 of 6.