Acesse Agora! In July 1979 the lower end of the Mini range was altered. [10][11][12][13] Its space-saving transverse engine and front-wheel drive layout – allowing 80% of the area of the car's floorpan to be used for passengers and luggage – influenced a generation of car makers. Este modelo conta com a singularidade de ter seis portas (duas dão acesso à bagageira) enquanto que lateralmente tem uma porta adicional do lado direito do automóvel. [45], The Mark III Mini had a modified bodyshell with enough alterations to see the factory code change from ADO15 to ADO20 (which it shared with the Clubman). A new Mini Cooper named the RSP (Rover Special Products) was briefly relaunched in 1990–91, with slightly lower performance than the 1960s Cooper. [69] The Australian van thus became the only Clubman Van produced anywhere in the world. BMW retained the Mini name and the planned new model, granting Rover temporary rights to the brand and allowing it to manufacture and sell the run-out model of the old Mini. There was also a version inspired by The Italian Job, a 1969 film famous for having a trio of Minis in its epic closing car chase. This space-saving design also featured rising progressive-rate springing of the cones, and provided some natural damping, in addition to the normal dampers. "The Mini Moke", "Dependable in service – Austin Mini van and pickup", "The Mini from Milan – 1973 Innocenti Mini", "Final Longbridge factory Mini sold at auction", Timeline of the Mini (ADO15) Elf/Hornet variant, MINI – A MAJOR FASHION ITEM,, Mini Time Line Part 5 – 1989 Through 2002, "BBC Future of Monte Carlo rally in doubt", "Pauli Toivonen and Harri Toivonen Profiles", "The Latest Racing News | Castle Combe Race Circuit", "Brands Hatch – Race Event – Mini Festival – Brands Hatch", "Mini Festival – Oulton Park 12 July 2014", "Team Bailey racing back on track and on tour for 2014 – News", "Austin Mini Cooper S at the Chateau Impney Hill Climb, Droitwich",, "Two Millionth Mini – Special – British Pathé", "classic Mini | library of motoring – An online collection of MINI information", "icLiverpool – Recession-proof wise-buys revealed", "Uncle Sam Says No, You Absolutely Can't Have These Cars", "Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and Regulations", "Road Safety – Better Cars, Better Roads or Just Better Drivers? Procurando por Mini Cooper Novos e Usados? In 1964, the suspension of the cars was replaced by another Moulton design, the hydrolastic system. These included the Twini, a re-engineered four-wheel-drive Moke with two engines—one at the front and another at the back; the Austin Ant, a second attempt to produce a four-wheel-drive vehicle, this time using a transfer case; and a two-seater convertible MG edition of the Mini, cancelled due to it being perceived as competition for the MG Midget. This is identifiable by the fuel filler cap being on the left hand side of the car just below the rear window. The Mini Clubman was intended to replace the upmarket Riley and Wolseley versions. Innocenti in Italy, however, continued making their own version of the Mini Cooper for some time. The Mini Van was renamed as the Mini 95 in 1978, the number representing the gross vehicle weight of 0.95 tons. It is the iconic MINI for connoisseurs and aficionados. A variety of Mini types was made in Pamplona, Spain, by the Authi company from 1968 onwards, mostly under the Morris name. Sliding windows allowed single-skin doors to be fitted, improving elbow room and reducing costs. In 1971, the 1,275 cc Mini Cooper S was discontinued in the UK, leaving the Mini 1275 GT as the only sporting Mini on sale for the rest of the decade. †Rover, Land Rover, and Triumph were not part of British Motor Holdings but became part of British Leyland in 1968. Em 1964 o irlandês Paddy Hopkirk venceu aos comandos de um Mini Cooper o Rali de Monte Carlo. View and Download Mini COOPER CLUBMAN owner's manual online. BMC insisted that the way company overheads were shared out, the Mini always made money. The Clubman Estate replaced the Countryman and Traveller. To end Mini production in Australia, a limited-edition runout model was produced – the 1275LS. All cars had 8.4-inch (210 mm) brake discs and plastic wheel arches (Mini Special arches), but retained the same Mark IV body shell shape. Issigonis designed the Mini with an emphasis on active safety. Cars could be assembled with minimal use of jigs as the external seams made the panels largely 'self-aligning'. Mini ist sowohl die Bezeichnung für die einzelnen Modelle als auch der Name des Hauptmodells. [14] In 1999, the Mini was voted the second-most influential car of the 20th century, behind the Ford Model T, and ahead of the Citroën DS and Volkswagen Beetle. The 998-cc power units were discontinued. As originally built, all the structural body panels were welded to the top of the single floor pressing, but this caused major problems with water entering the cabin and was quickly changed in the first months of production. Dave reviews the Mini Clubman Cooper S. It's big, loud and grey. The Mini was also becoming prized as a characterful and nostalgic car in its own right, and the London Collection of limited-edition models was more upmarket and luxurious and named after affluent or fashionable parts of London. O veículo é, em alguns aspectos considerados o equivalente britânico do seu contemporâneo alemão, o Fusca, que apreciou a popularidade similar na América do Norte. [80] Fourth placed Roger Clark's Ford Cortina was disqualified for the same reason, along with six other cars. [24][25] Issigonis had set out design projects for three cars – large and small family cars and a very small economy car. The Mini Van was a commercial panel van (in US English, a sedan delivery) rated at ¼-ton load capacity. 1 Unlock in Forza Horizon 4 2 Synopsis 3 Statistics 4 Conversions 5 Trivia 6 Gallery 6.1 Forzavista 7 References It has been made unlockable during three seasons: 50% Season Completion Bonus - Series 9 Winter Season … Small items could also be stowed under the rear seats, and early Minis were sold with optional wicker baskets specially shaped to slot under the seats. Therefore, Mark II cars also came with increased braking power in the form of front drum brakes with twin leading shoes to cope with the increased power output. It perfectly blends versatility, spaciousness, craftsmanship and performance to deliver an enjoyable drive that fits everything you need in. It was introduced in 2007, as a variant of theMini Hatch(hatchback). In 1959, BMC and Alec Issigonis won the Dewar Trophy, for the design and production of the Mini. Production began in 1970 and continued for a few years; these fibreglass Minis can be recognised by the missing body seams and by larger panel gaps. One name proposed for the almost identical Austin version was Austin Newmarket, but it was sold as the Austin Seven (sometimes written as SE7EN in early publicity material – with the '7' using the letter V rotated anticlockwise so it approximated the number 7), which recalled the popular small Austin 7 of the 1920s and 1930s. MINI Clubman is the vehicle for the discerning driver. Der Mini Clubman ist das Kombifahrzeug der Automobilmarke Mini von BMW. Retrospectively, the car is known as the "Classic Mini" to distinguish it from the modern, BMW influenced MINI family of vehicles produced since 2000. Reports of the Mini's imminent demise surfaced again in 1980 with the launch of the Austin Mini-Metro (badging with the word "mini" in all lowercase). However, legal action was somehow averted,[35] and BMC used the name "Mini" thereafter.[36]. In 1994, under Bernd Pischetsrieder, a first cousin once removed of Issigonis, BMW took control of the Rover Group, which included the Mini, fitting an airbag to comply with European legislation. [92] The 3,000,000th Mini came off the production line in 1972, with the 4,000,000th in 1976.[93]. The bluff front, however, meant that the model struggled to reach 90 mph (140 km/h). O Mini é um carro econômico produzido pela British Motor Corporation (BMC) e seus sucessores, de 1959 até 2000. The Pickup was basic, although the factory brochure described a "fully equipped Mini Pick-up is also available which includes a recirculatory heater." Mini models included the Morris Mini-Minor and the Austin Seven, the Countryman, Moke, 1275GT and Clubman. Kitcher, Nigel and Davy, Rick. Production of the Clubman and 1275 GT got off to a slow start because the cars incorporated "lots of production changes" including the relocation of tooling from the manufacturer's Cowley plant to the Longbridge plant: very few cars were handed over to customers before the early months of 1970. Identical to the 3-door hatchback from the B-pillar forward, the Clubman features a length increased by 240 mm (9.4 in), an 80 mm (3.1 in) longer wheelbase, increased rear-seat leg room and cargo space deeper by 160 mm (6.3 in), providing an increased 260 litres (9.2 cu ft) of space – growing from a total of 680 to 920 litres (24 to 32 cu ft) with the rear seats folded. The new base model was the Mini City, with black-painted bumpers, an untrimmed lower facia rail, part-fabric seats and wing mirror and sun visor only on the driver's side, plus unique 'City' body graphics and boot badge. These models were two-door estate cars with double "barn"-style rear doors. However this was the first time a UK-market 'round-nose' (i.e. The bodyshell mould was created by the Peel Engineering Company. The second generation was launched in 2006 and the third in 2014. [111], A UK Department for Transport statistics publication, presenting estimates of the risk of driver injury in two-car injury collisions, based on reported road accident data, estimated that the 1990–2000 Mini was one of two small cars (the other being the Hyundai Atoz), which, with an estimated 84% of drivers likely to be injured, presented the greatest risk of driver injury; the average risk for the small car category was 76%. The fifth car past the finishing line, a Citroën DS, a model that had won the race previously, was awarded first place – the DS had similar headlamps, but these were standard production equipment on the car – in line with the letter of the rules. The engine was reduced to a new 848-cc capacity with a shorter stroke. The system intended for the Mini was further developed and the hydrolastic system was first used on the Morris 1100, launched in 1962; the Mini gained the system later in 1964. A total of 58,179 Mini Pick-up models were built.[37]. [22] Petrol was once again rationed in the UK, sales of large cars slumped, and the market for German bubble cars boomed, even in countries such as Britain, where imported cars were still a rarity. The gear selecting mechanism was updated to the rod type, as seen on all later Mini type cars. The restyled version was called the Mini Clubman, and has a squarer frontal look, using the same indicator/sidelight assembly as the Austin Maxi. 1988: The Mini becomes a marque in its own right, although V5 documents often show "Rover" as the marque, this is incorrect. Released in 1961 as more luxurious versions of the Mini, both the Wolseley Hornet and the Riley Elf had longer, slightly finned rear wings and larger boots that gave the cars a more conventional three-box design. [77] This resulted in the Minki-II, designed to house the 1.4L MPI K-Series engine with an extensive redesign inside, but without the original Minki's tailgate. A number of prototypes produced for vehicles based on the Mini but which never saw production are held and sometimes displayed at the British Heritage Motor Centre museum at Gaydon, Warwickshire. TheMini Clubmanis asuperminiengineered and manufactured byMini. [55] Mark I models were equipped with single leading shoe brakes on the front. An all steel version of both the Traveller and the Countryman without the wood trim was launched for export markets in April 1961 and for the home market in October 1962, but the woodie version remained more popular. In 2007, German automaker BMW acquired the rights to the name and bought out the company in 2008. [110], In January 2007 Which? [79] Minis initially placed first, second and third in the 1966 rally as well, but were disqualified after a controversial decision by the judges. 521,494 were built. The original Mini continued in production until 2000. The radiator was mounted at the left side of the car so that the engine-mounted fan could be retained, but with reversed pitch so that it blew air into the natural low pressure area under the front wing. [37][43][44] A total of 429,000 Mk II Minis were produced. Faced with competition from a new wave of modern superminis like the Ford Fiesta, Renault 5, and Volkswagen Polo, the Mini was beginning to fall out of favour in many export markets, with the South African, Australian, and New Zealand markets all stopping production around this time. Twin column stalks for indicators and wipers were introduced, as were larger foot pedals. On its introduction in August 1959, the Mini was marketed under the Austin and Morris names, as the Austin Seven and Morris Mini-Minor. 116,667 cars built in the first full year of production. The Elf's and Hornet's special bumper overriders first appeared in 1962. These marketing strategies proved very successful; Mini production actually had modest increases through the mid-1980s, from 34,974 in 1985 to 35,280 in 1985 and 39,800 in 1986. [84] As of 2014, classic Minis are still raced, with other one make races in the UK,[85][86] Europe[87] and Asia,[88] and in classic events such as the Goodwood Members Meeting. This was a 5000-car run with the 1098cc engine, broadly to the specification already in production for the European market as a standard model with the same name. This car was sold at auction in July 2013 for £1400.[72]. Na série de humor Mr. Bean, o protagonista frequentemente se envolve em alguma confusão com seu Mini amarelo. [112], Several key events marked the 50th anniversary of the Mini in 2009. A further title was the 1971 Sun-7 Chesterfield Series. Built into the subframes, the rubber cone system gave a raw and bumpy ride accentuated by the woven-webbing seats, but the rigidity of the rubber cones, together with the wheels' positioning at the corners of the car, gave the Mini go kart-like handling. It was founded in 2002 by Michael Cooper, son of John Cooper, the racing car maker and tuner responsible for the original Mini Cooper.. [26] The car featured a race-tuned engine, twin SU carburettors, a closer-ratio gearbox and front disc brakes, uncommon at the time in a small car. From the start of production both models had a decorative, non-structural, ash wood trim on the rear body, in the style of a pre-war shooting-brake. Although the 4WD Moke could climb a 1:2 gradient, it lacked enough ground clearance for military use. Initially, they used the 848 cc (51.7 cu in) 34 bhp (25 kW) engine (engine type 8WR)[53] with a single HS2 carburettor, changing to a single HS2 carburettor 38 bhp (28 kW) version of the Cooper's 998 cc (60.9 cu in) power unit (engine type 9WR)[53] in the Mark II in 1963. Clássicos: o máximo do Mini, 2000 / 2300 / 2400 / 3500 / V8-S / Vitesse (SD1),, !Páginas com erros CS1: caracteres invisíveis, !Artigos que carecem de notas de rodapé desde novembro de 2019, !Artigos que carecem de notas de rodapé sem indicação de tema, Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 3.0 Não Adaptada (CC BY-SA 3.0) da Creative Commons. October 1961: Introduction of Riley Elf and Wolseley Hornet variants. Alec Issigonis, who had been working for Alvis, had been recruited back to BMC in 1955 with a brief from Lord to design a range of technically advanced family cars in the same innovative spirit as his earlier Morris Minor to complement BMC's existing conventional models. While the UK-built 1275 GT was not nearly as quick as a 1275 Mini Cooper S, it was cheaper to buy, run, and insure. An agreement was made on the 10-inch size, after Dunlop rejected the eight-inch proposition. The 1,275 cc Cooper S models continued in production until 1971. On 13 January 2009, the Royal Mail released a limited edition of stamps entitled "British Design Classics", featuring an original, egg-shell blue, MK1 Mini, registration XAA 274. Mini é uma marca de automóveis inglesa fundada em 1969 pela Alec Issigonis e ao mesmo tempo, um modelo de automóvel. The Arica plant was closed in 1974. This also simplified production, as both subframes could be built up independently and then mated to the already-completed bodyshell. [101], The Mini was withdrawn from the American market because it could not meet the 1968 U.S. safety regulations and emission standards,[104] and although often updated, not sufficiently to comply with U.S. They had assessed the mechanically interconnected Citroën 2CV suspension at that time (according to an interview by Moulton with Car Magazine in the late 1990s),[citation needed] which inspired the design of the hydrolastic suspension system for the Mini and Morris/Austin 1100, to try to keep the benefits of the 2CV system (ride comfort, body levelling, keeping the roadwheel under good control and the tyres in contact with the road), but with added roll stiffness that the 2CV lacked. The generous boot space extends to a luggage capacity of 1,250-litres, giving you even more space for your plans. [67] By 1973 new Minis were, by default, being shipped with radial tyres, though cross-plies could be specified by special order, giving British buyers a price saving of £8.[68]. Mini Paceman Cooper S Versão duas portas ... Ao hatch, seguiram-se Cabrio, Clubman, Coupé, Roadster, Countryman e, agora, o Paceman, que estreia e chega ao Brasil em maio de 2013. The Mini was marketed under BMC's two main brand names, Austin and Morris, until 1969, when it became a marque in its own right. [101][105], The Mini was modified during its production to improve its safety. It had a front rubber-mounted subframe with single tower bolts and the rear frame had some larger bushings introduced, all intended to improve the car's mechanical refinement and to reduce noise levels. Automatic transmission available as an option for the 998 cc Austin Mini-Cooper 998 and 1275 S. Previous Mini-Cooper 997 and 1071 S models dropped. The Mini Clubman was intended to replace the upmarket Riley and Wolseley versions. Since the late 1960s, plans had been in place for a newer and more practical supermini to replace it, though the Mini was still the only car of this size built by British Leyland for the home market. [27], The production version of the Mini was demonstrated to the press in April 1959, and by August, several thousand cars had been produced ready for the first sales. [10] A total of 5,387,862 cars had been manufactured, nearly 1.6 million of which were sold in Britain, although the majority of these were sold at least 20 years before the Mini's demise, meaning that the majority of those sold had been scrapped before the end of the original Mini's production life.[37]. March 1963: Introduction of the Austin Mini Cooper 1071 S and Morris Mini Cooper 1071 S 2-door saloons, both with larger 1071 cc 70 bhp (52 kW) engine. Oz Mini Models, The Mini Experience, OZ50 Special Issue, February 2011, page 35, Green Book Price & Model Guide, July–August 1983, page 71, 1930s saloon, coupé, sports and racing cars, 1979 British Saloon Car Championship season, 1965 International 6 Hour Touring Car Race, End of era as Mini production is halted, 4 October 2000, Lambrate design district,, "The humble Mini leaves supercars trailing to be named Britain's best-ever motor". Mini Cooper Clubman (88 kW/120 hk) Mini Cooper S Clubman (128 kW/174 hk) Mini Cooper D Clubman (80 kW/109 hk) I august 2008 kom to yderligere modeller til: Mini John Cooper Works (155 kW/211 hk) Mini John Cooper Works Clubman (155 kW/211 hk) En ny basismodel fulgte i starten af 2009 med: Mini One (55 kW) (55 kW/75 hk) It was this image that perhaps helped the Mini become such an asset for BMW, which later bought the remnants of BMC as the Rover Group. The 1,000,000th Mini came off the production line in 1965,[91] with the 2,000,000th in 1969. mini clubman cooper d estofos em pele revisÕes marca com livro. Competition arrived with the more modern and practical Vauxhall Chevette of 1975, but the Mini continued to sell well until its "replacement"—the Metro—arrived in 1980. [10] Leonard Lord approved the car for production on 19 July and XC9003 became project ADO15. This resulted in a dry weight of 638 kg (1,407 lb)/642.3 kg (1,416 lb) (rubber/hydrolastic suspension) for the Elf and 618 kg (1,362 lb)/636.4 kg (1,403 lb) for the Hornet. Title 0–62 CO2 BHP MPG Price; Mini Clubman 1.5 Cooper Classic 6dr: 9.2s : 127.0g/km : 136 : £21,725 : Mini Clubman 1.5 Cooper Classic 6dr [Comfort Pack] [54] The name "Wolseley Hornet" was first used on 1930s saloon, coupé, sports and racing cars, while the name "Elf" recalled the Riley Sprite and Imp sports cars, also of the 1930s (Riley's first choice of name "Imp" could not be used as Hillman had registered it). The Mark II Mini was launched at the 1967 British Motor Show,[42] and featured a redesigned grille, a larger rear window and numerous cosmetic changes. [52] It was seen there as a retro-cool icon, and inspired many imitators. Performance versions of these models used the name Cooper, due to a partnership with racing legend John Cooper. [57] The Moke was marketed in holiday locations such as Barbados and Macau, where they were also used as police cars. The Mini entered into popular culture in the 1960s with well-publicised purchases by film and music stars. A set of simple stamped steel slots served in place of a more costly chrome grille. [94], The highest price ever paid for a Mini was at a Bonhams auction in 2007, when a works rally-prepared Mini (DJB 93B) sold for £100,500 ($196,980).[95]. Optional automatic transmission available on all except 1275 GT. A small round sticker with a kangaroo logo was placed on the triangular panel between the door and the front body seam. A sua capacidade de tração assim como uma maneabilidade ímpar permitiu ao Mini impor-se entre carros mais potentes e de maiores dimensões nos mais importantes eventos mundiais. It also featured a standard-fit close-ratio gearbox, and initially had 10-inch (25.4 cm) Rostyle wheels covering the 7.5inch (19.05 cm) Cooper S type disc brakes, and a boot board; both were dropped in 1974. With five seats and six doors, the MINI Clubman allows you to pack plenty into your journey. [37] Ford purchased a Mini and dismantled it to see if they could offer an alternative. This seems to have been a play on words: the Morris Minor was a larger, well known, and successful car that continued in production, and minor is Latin for "lesser", so an abbreviation of the Latin word for "least" – minimus – was used for the new even smaller car. A new model, dubbed the 1275 GT, was slated as the replacement for the 998 cc Mini Cooper (the 1,275 cc Mini Cooper S continued alongside the 1275 GT for two years until 1971). As launched, the Mini had simpler suspension made from conical springs of solid rubber. [101] Several times it was thought that safety regulations would stop Mini production. This not only modernised the Mini but, because many of its major subassemblies were now shared with the Metro, made it very cost-effective to produce despite falling sales volumes. The Riley was the more expensive of the two cars. Este texto é disponibilizado nos termos da licença. It was introduced in Australia as Morris 850 only (not "Austin"), and then later as Morris Cooper and Morris Cooper S versions, as well. The Italian version of the Mini which was sold under the Innocenti marque was produced in Lambrate, a district of Milan. To meet emission standards, Coopers from 1992 on were fitted with a fuel-injected version of the 1,275 cc engine, and in 1997 a multi-point fuel-injected engine was introduced, along with a front-mounted radiator and various safety improvements. [78] Minis also won the 1965 Lowood 4 Hour endurance race, and the final Finnish Grand Prix in 1963. Marrying traditional values with its worldly outlook, MINI Clubman is the refined classic that will stimulate your imagination. The short development time of the car meant this was not ready in time for the Mini's launch. 1962: "De Luxe" and "Super" designations discontinued. MINI Clubman is the vehicle for the discerning driver. The engine mounting points were moved forward to take 1275-cc power units, and includes the later Horizontal Integral Float version of the SU carb, plus the single-point fuel-injected car, which came out in 1991. A new model, dubbed the 1275 GT, was slated as the replacement for the 998 cc Mini Cooper (the 1,275 cc Mini Cooper S continued alongside the 1275 GT for two years until 1971). [90] The Mini also received awards for "Car of the Century" (Autocar magazine 1995) and "Number One Classic Car of All Time" (Classic & Sports Car magazine 1996). Production of this model commenced in July 1978 and concluded in October 1978 with an approximate total of 810 vehicles produced. The Mini Mark I had three major UK updates – the Mark II, the Clubman, and the Mark III. The Mini also achieved class wins at the 1963 Armstrong 500, repeating this feat every year until 1969, and having class wins at the 1964, 1965 and 1971 Sandown 250, and Six Hour Le Mans in 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970 and 1972, as well as the 1971 Phillip Island 500K. Throughout the 1970s, British Leyland continued to produce the classic 1959 "round-front" design, alongside the newer Clubman and 1275 GT models.
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